Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD)

Treatment at Our Center.

What To Expect.

Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment (CBT)

Individuals will be engaged in an intensive outpatient program using Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), which includes exposure and response prevention (ERP). Our clinic also offers weekly outpatient therapy for individuals with Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD). CBT and ERP are recommended for the treatment of BDD.


  • Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is estimated to affect 1% of the general population. Unfortunately, it is often an underdiagnosed and mistreated disorder.
  • The DSM 5 indicates that the typical age of onset of BDD is ages 12-13, with an average onset of 16-17
  • The causes of BDD are unclear, but certain biological and environmental factors may contribute to its development, including genetic predisposition, neurobiological factors such as malfunctioning of serotonin in the brain, personality traits, and life experiences

What Is Body Dysmorphic Disorder?

Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is a body-image disorder characterized by persistent and intrusive preoccupations with an imagined or slight defect in one’s appearance.

People with BDD can dislike any part of their body, although they often find fault with their hair, skin, nose, chest, or stomach. In reality, a perceived defect may be only a slight imperfection or nonexistent. But for someone with BDD, the flaw is significant and prominent, often causing severe emotional distress and difficulties in daily functioning.

Diagnostic Criteria

Diagnostic criteria for 300.7 Body Dysmorphic Disorder

  • Preoccupation with one or more perceived defects or flaws in physical appearance that are not observable or appear slight to others.
  • At some point during the course of the disorder, the individual has performed repetitive behaviors (e.g., mirror checking, excessive grooming, skin picking, reassurance seeking) or mental acts (e.g., comparing his or her appearance with that of others) in response to the appearance concerns.
  • The preoccupation causes clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.
  • The appearance preoccupation is not better explained by concerns with body fat or weight in an individual whose symptoms meet diagnostic criteria for an eating disorder.